What is Mining Engineering?
Mining Engineering is the application of scientific and engineering principles to the exploration and extraction of minerals from the surface and under the surface of the earth. Mining engineers start by estimating the quality and quantity of the minerals found and assessing the feasibility of mining them. They then design the structure of the mine, supervise its construction, plan the production and manage its operations. The operations may include drilling, blasting, dredging, tunneling and processing the minerals to improve their quality. Finally, they are still involved at the mine closure stages including final land restoration and rehabilitation. In all this/the focus of mining engineers is on safeguarding the health and safety of the people involved as well as protecting the environment. A course in mining engineering is an interdisciplinary program that combines aspects of chemical, civil, mechanical, electrical and industrial engineering with geology, metallurgy, environmental science and computing. The course also covers project and operations management, financial analysis and legal issues relating to mining and environment protection.
How to Pursue the Course?
After passing class 12th with 50% in math, chemistry and physics (in some cases even more), a student aspiring to be a Mining Engineer has to write certain entrance exams. Some of them include JEE Mains, JEE Advanced, MHT-CET in Maharashtra, , WBJEE in West Bengal, and EAMCET in AP.
There are many institutes in India offering under graduation in Mining Engineering. Some of them are: IIT-BHU, Varanasi; IIT, Kharagpur; NIT, Surathkal; Dr. BR Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar; Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur; National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Odisha; Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad; UPES Dehradun; Jawaharlal Nehru Technical University, Hyderabad; Anna University, Chennai; Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum; Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur among others.
The growing demand for metals in manufacturing industries; fuels such as coal, petroleum and uranium in the energy sector; and precious metals and stones such as platinum, gold, silver, diamonds etc. has resulted in many opportunities for mining engineers. They can find employment in private, public and government sectors as operations manager, project managers, mine planners, mine designers, health and safety mangers, mining investment analysts etc.
Remuneration goes as per the expertise and experience in the field of job. A fresh graduate may start with a salary varying between 3 to 4 lakhs. The starting salary may go up to 4 to 6 lakhs, if graduation is done from more reputed institute. With time, as an engineer gains more experiences and specializes in a particular aspect of mining the raises in salary and perks are substantial. If an engineer chooses to go abroad and work there the salary and perks are even more.