Biomedical engineering involves the application of scientific and engineering principles to biology and medicine for better healthcare solutions. This can include researching, designing and developing of artificial organs and implants such as stents, limbs and joints; technologies for surgical procedures such as medical robotics and lasers; equipment for patient diagnostics and monitoring such as the ECG, CT-Scan and MRI scanners and machines for treatment such as those used for dialysis and ventilators.
A B.Tech course in biomedical engineering is an interdisciplinary programme that combines principles of life sciences; human anatomy and physiology; physical sciences and material science with the relevant aspects of mechanical, electrical, electronic, chemical and computer engineering. Its focus is on providing students with an understanding of the design, development, operation and maintenance of devices, equipments and systems that are or can be used for diagnostics, monitoring, medical treatment, therapy and patient care.
The basic eligibility criteria to take admission in Bachelors in Biomedical Engineering is, minimum 50% (and in some cases 60%) in class 12th. In addition, the student is supposed to give entrance examinations which can be at the state level or national level. Some of them are: JEE Mains; VITEEE; SRMEE; Manipal OET; MHT-CET, UPSEE, WB-JEE etc.
Engineering institutes offering bachelors in Biomedical engineering are NIT Raipur and Rourkela; VIT University; Manipal Institute of Technology; College of Engineering, Pune; L.D.College of Engineering, Ahmedabad; PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore; SRM University, Chennai; SSN College of Engineering, Chennai; Babu Banarasi Das National Institute of Technology and Management, Lucknow, and the list goes on
The expanding field of health care has created numerous opportunities for biomedical engineers and these are likely to go up in the future. Apart from companies manufacturing medical electronics, prostheses, body implants etc., they are in demand in research institutions, hospitals and regulatory bodies. In manufacturing companies and research institutions they design and develop new technologies in the field of medical imaging, medical robotics, surgical lasers, automated patient monitoring, and body activity sensing etc. and also adapt computer hardware or software for medical science or health care applications. In hospitals, they provide advice on the selection and use of medical equipment, as well as supervise its performance testing and maintenance. Work at the regulatory bodies involves product testing, as well as establishing safety standards for devices
Initially, a graduate gets a decent salary package between 2.5 to 3 lakhs. And, if graduation is done from a reputed institute, then the starting salary may be more than 3 lakhs. Typically multinationals pay more. This salary goes up as the biomedical engineer gains more experience and gains specialization in a particular functional or technology area.